Get Started With Firebase Storage for iOS
Get Started with Firebase Storage for iOS
This tutorial on @firebase continues from our previous tutorial on Getting Started With Firebase Authentication for iOS, where we looked at how to manage, store and work with users in Firebase.
Beyond enabling iOS developers to easily store data on the cloud, as well as authenticating users through their robust SDKs, Firebase also provides a convenient storage solution for media. Firebase Storage allows developers to store and retrieve audio, image, and video files on the cloud. That is, Firebase Storage exposes a set of SDKs to give developers the ability to manage their user-generated content assets alongside its sibling product, the Firebase Realtime Database, which stores user text content.
However, Firebase Storage is more than just a storage container for rich media assets. It assists developers by offering offline synchronization for users and their devices, queuing and resuming images and videos when the user goes off and back online. This works similarly to how Firebase Realtime Database orchestrates synchronization of user data to the back-end.
Objectives of This Tutorial
This tutorial will expose you to the Firebase Storage SDKs, to help you manage your app’s media assets—such as image, audio and video files—storing them remotely on the cloud, and retrieving them throughout your app. In this tutorial, you will learn how to:
- set up your app for Firebase Storage
- create and work with storage references
- upload media to Firebase Storage
- download media from Firebase Storage
This tutorial assumes you have had some exposure to Firebase, and a background developing with Swift and Xcode. It is also important that you have gone through our Get Started With Firebase Authentication for iOS tutorial first as you will need to authenticate your users prior to accessing much of the Firebase Storage functionality, including asset paths.
What Is Firebase Storage?
As a developer, you can use the Firebase Realtime Database to access and interact with your Firebase Storage bucket in a serverless fashion, without the need to create and host your own servers. Firebase Storage makes use of local on-device caching to store assets when offline and serve assets when the user gets back online, with the local data automatically synchronized.
Developers no longer have to deal with the complexities of synchronizing data and content through Apple’s standard iOS networking libraries, and having to deal with multiple scenarios that may cause transfer interruptions.
In fact, the Firebase products recognize that real-world mobile users face the prospect of interrupted or low-signal situations. Being able to synchronize data on-device for later transfer makes for a much better user experience, whilst saving developers a lot of work.
Security is also paramount with Firebase Storage, as it is with the rest of the Firebase suite of products. This means developers can restrict access to storage items by authenticating users using Firebase Authentication, which is built on top of an imperative security model that allows control of access to paths, files, and metadata on a role-by-role basis.
Finally, apps hosted on Firebase Storage benefit from a Google infrastructure that scales as the user base grows. We will explore some of these concepts later in the tutorial, but to start with, let’s go through setting up your app to work with Firebase. Then we'll take a look at Storage Reference pointers.
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